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As a child I asked the man in red. Download Torrent Santa world wide. (I'd like to teach the world to sing, in perfect harmony. A participant in a Santa Claus costume jumps into the water during the 109th edition of the 'Copa Nadal' Christmas Cup) swimming competition in Barcelona, Dec. 25, 2018. Josep Lago/AFP/Getty Images A Santa is kissed by a girl before giving her a gift while attending a Christmas show dedicated to the children of the fallen or wounded soldiers in Bucharest, Romania, Dec. 14, 2018. Robert Ghement/EPA via Shutterstock 150 surfing Santas gather on the beach in Scheveningen, the Netherlands, Dec. 16, 2018. Robin Utrecht/REX via Shutterstock A diver dressed as a Santa Claus dives next to Speedy the green sea turtle at an aquarium in Timmendorfer Strand, Germany, Nov. 19, 2018. Axel Heimken/dpa via AP A Santa Claus stands on the pier and throws sweets to a ship's crew after it returns from a sea surveillance mission in the Mediterranean Sea to Wilhelmshaven, Germany, Dec. 21, 2018. Mohssen Assanimoghaddam/dpa via Newscom A student dressed as Santa Claus sits during a rehearsal for Christmas celebrations at the St. John's Cathedral in Peshawar, Pakistan, Dec. Fayaz Aziz/Reuters A man dressed in a Santa Claus costume rides on a motorbike during "Carabalade" the annual Santa Claus parade in Paris, Dec. 20, 2018. Charles Platiau/Reuters Men dress up as Santa Claus in a house in Miilya, a Christian Arab village in northern Israel, ahead of an annual "Christmas Run. Dec. Ronen Zvulun/Reuters Kids kiss each other ahead of the annual "Christmas Run" in Miilya, a Christian Arab village in northern Israel, Dec. Ronen Zvulun/Reuters Men dressed up as Santa Claus are seen in a street ahead of the annual "Christmas Run" in Miilya, a Christian Arab village in northern Israel, on Dec. Ronen Zvulun/Reuters A person dressed as Santa Claus distributes sweets to inmates during Christmas celebrations inside Kot Bhalwal jail, on the outskirts of Jammu, India, Dec. Mukesh Gupta/Reuters People dressed in Santa Claus costumes attend a parade under winter lights in the Marunouchi business district in Tokyo, Dec. Kazuhiro Nogi/AFP/Getty Images 150 surfing Santas gather on the beach in Scheveningen, the Netherlands, Dec. Robin Utrecht/REX via Shutterstock Police dressed as Santa Claus bring gifts to children in the pediatric ward on Dec. 21, 2018 in Rome. Daniele Leone/LaPresse via ZUMA Press Runners dressed as Santa Claus participate in the first Santa Run, Dec. 15, 2018, in Minsk, Belarus. More than 300 participants took part in the first Santa Run, competing in distances of 5, 10 and 15 kilometers Tatyana Zenkovich/EPA via Shutterstock People dressed as Santa Claus take part in a charity race in Pristina, Dec. 16, 2018 to raise funds for families in need in Kosovo. Armend Nimani/AFP/Getty Images Fitness coaches dressed as Santa Claus jump into a pool of the Meridian Spa in Hamburg, Germany, during a charity event on Dec. 18, 2018. Axel Heimken/AFP/Getty Images Skiers and snowboarders dressed as Santa Claus head downhill during the annual Santa Sunday event, Dec. 2, 2018, in Newry, Maine. Robert F. Bukaty/AP.

SantaPark - the Home Cavern of Santa Claus Brought to you by Santapark Arctic World Underneath the Arctic Circle, deep beneath the ground, lies Santa's secret cavern where it's Christmas all year round! We warmly welcome you to join our merry Elves on an unforgettable journey to the heart of Christmas at SantaPark, an indoor Christmas theme park voted the top Christmas destination in the world. Hop on the Magic Train and travel through enchanting worlds, Earn your very own diploma at the Elf School, Cross the Arctic Circle underground and enter the cool realm of the Ice Princess, Feel the crispy breath of winter in the Ice Gallery, Enjoy the jolly Elf Show on the main stage, Send your Christmas greetings at our buzzing Post Office, Decorate cookies in the cozy kitchen of Mrs. Gingerbread, And whisper your dearest wishes to Santa Claus himself! OPENING HOURS SUMMER SEASON 2020 27 June – 8 August 2020 Mon-Sat, 10. 00 - 17. 00 WINTER SEASON 2020 – 2021 7 November – 30 November 2020 Daily, 10. 00 1 December 2020 – 9 January 2021 Daily, 10. 00 - 18. 00 Tickets 27 June- 8 August 2020 17, 50. adult 15, 00. child (3-12 years old) Family Ticket 55, 00. 2 adults and 2 children (3-12 years old) Happy Family Ticket 75, 00. 2 adults and 4 children (3-12 years old) WINTER SEASON 2020-2021 7 November - 30 November 35. 00. adult 29. 00. child (3-12 years old) 1 December - 4 December 39. 00. adult 33. 00. child (3-12 years old) 5 December - 6 December 42. 00. adult 36. 00. child (3-12 years old) 7 December - 11 December 12 December - 13 December 14 December - 18 December 40. 00. adult 34. 00. child (3-12 years old) 19 December - 6 January 42. 00. adult; 7 January - 9 January In every period under 3 years old are free of charge. LOCATION & DISTANCES SantaPark is located right on the Arctic Circle in Rovaniemi, Finland. SantaPark ↔ Rovaniemi city center: 8 km, approx. 15 minutes by Santa's Express bus. SantaPark ↔ Rovaniemi Airport: 2 km We offer free parking for all guests. Rovaniemi is located 800 km north of Helsinki, the capital of Finland. There are excellent road, rail and air connections between the cities. By air: Daily direct flights to and from Helsinki, operated by Finnair and Norwegian. In winter there are also direct flights to and from London-Gatwich, Zürich and Berlin-Schönefel + various Charter destinations. By car: 10-hour ride; the road E75 is in great condition all year round. By train: The Finnish railway company VR operates several trains from Rovaniemi to Helsinki and other major cities in Finland. There are also night trains where you can sleep in a compartment. The train ride takes 8-12 hours. Tarvantie 1 96930 Arctic Circle, Finland ☏ +358 50 471 92 29 ☏ +358 600 301 203 (1. 5/min + local charge) ✉ For media enquiries, please contact Stay In Touch The journey to SantaPark Arctic World starts here! Join our mailing list and keep in loop with us.
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Santa Claus—otherwise known as Saint Nicholas or Kris Kringle— has a long history steeped in Christmas traditions. Today, he is thought of mainly as the jolly man in red who brings toys to good girls and boys on Christmas Eve, but his story stretches all the way back to the 3rd century, when Saint Nicholas walked the earth and became the patron saint of children. Find out more about the history of Santa Claus from his earliest origins to the shopping mall Santas of today, and discover how two New Yorkers–Clement Clark Moore and Thomas Nast–were major influences on the Santa Claus millions of children wait for each Christmas Eve. The Legend of St. Nicholas: The Real Santa Claus The legend of Santa Claus can be traced back hundreds of years to a monk named St. Nicholas. It is believed that Nicholas was born sometime around 280 A. D. in Patara, near Myra in modern-day Turkey. Much admired for his piety and kindness, St. Nicholas became the subject of many legends. It is said that he gave away all of his inherited wealth and traveled the countryside helping the poor and sick. One of the best-known St. Nicholas stories is the time he saved three poor sisters from being sold into slavery or prostitution by their father by providing them with a dowry so that they could be married. Over the course of many years, Nicholass popularity spread and he became known as the protector of children and sailors. His feast day is celebrated on the anniversary of his death, December 6. This was traditionally considered a lucky day to make large purchases or to get married. By the Renaissance, St. Nicholas was the most popular saint in Europe. Even after the Protestant Reformation, when the veneration of saints began to be discouraged, St. Nicholas maintained a positive reputation, especially in Holland. Sinter Klaas Comes to New York St. Nicholas made his first inroads into American popular culture towards the end of the 18th century. In December 1773, and again in 1774, a New York newspaper reported that groups of Dutch families had gathered to honor the anniversary of his death. The name Santa Claus evolved from Nicks Dutch nickname, Sinter Klaas, a shortened form of Sint Nikolaas (Dutch for Saint Nicholas. In 1804, John Pintard, a member of the New York Historical Society, distributed woodcuts of St. Nicholas at the societys annual meeting. The background of the engraving contains now-familiar Santa images including stockings filled with toys and fruit hung over a fireplace. In 1809, Washington Irving helped to popularize the Sinter Klaas stories when he referred to St. Nicholas as the patron saint of New York in his book, The History of New York. As his prominence grew, Sinter Klaas was described as everything from a “rascal” with a blue three-cornered hat, red waistcoat, and yellow stockings to a man wearing a broad-brimmed hat and a “huge pair of Flemish trunk hose. ” Shopping Mall Santas Gift-giving, mainly centered around children, has been an important part of the Christmas celebration since the holidays rejuvenation in the early 19th century. Stores began to advertise Christmas shopping in 1820, and by the 1840s, newspapers were creating separate sections for holiday advertisements, which often featured images of the newly-popular Santa Claus. In 1841, thousands of children visited a Philadelphia shop to see a life-size Santa Claus model. It was only a matter of time before stores began to attract children, and their parents, with the lure of a peek at a “live” Santa Claus. In the early 1890s, the Salvation Army needed money to pay for the free Christmas meals they provided to needy families. They began dressing up unemployed men in Santa Claus suits and sending them into the streets of New York to solicit donations. Those familiar Salvation Army Santas have been ringing bells on the street corners of American cities ever since. Perhaps the most iconic department store Santa is Kris Kringle in the 1947 classic Santa Claus movie “Miracle on 34 Street. ” A young Natalie Wood played a little girl who believes Kris Kringle (played by Edmund Gwenn, who won an Oscar for the role) when he says he is the real Santa Claus. “Miracle on 34 Street” was remade in 1994 and starred Lord Richard Attenborough and Mara Wilson. The Macys Santa has appeared at almost every Macys Thanksgiving Day Parade since it began in1924, and fans of all ages still line up to meet the Macys Santa in New York City and at stores around the country, where children can take pictures on Santas lap and tell him what they want for Christmas. ‘Twas the Night Before Christmas In 1822, Clement Clarke Moore, an Episcopal minister, wrote a long Christmas poem for his three daughters entitled “An Account of a Visit from St. Nicholas, ” more popularly known as “‘Twas The Night Before Christmas. ” Moores poem, which he was initially hesitant to publish due to the frivolous nature of its subject, is largely responsible for our modern image of Santa Claus as a “right jolly old elf” with a portly figure and the supernatural ability to ascend a chimney with a mere nod of his head! Although some of Moores imagery was probably borrowed from other sources, his poem helped popularize the now-familiar image of a Santa Claus who flew from house to house on Christmas Eve in “a miniature sleigh” led by eight flying reindeer to leave presents for deserving children. “An Account of a Visit from St. Nicholas” created a new and immediately popular American icon. In 1881, political cartoonist Thomas Nast drew on Moores poem to create the first likeness that matches our modern image of Santa Claus. His cartoon, which appeared in Harpers Weekly, depicted Santa as a rotund, cheerful man with a full, white beard, holding a sack laden with toys for lucky children. It is Nast who gave Santa his bright red suit trimmed with white fur, North Pole workshop, elves and his wife, Mrs. Claus Santa Claus Around The World  18th-century Americas Santa Claus was not the only St. Nicholas-inspired gift-giver to make an appearance at Christmastime. There are similar figures and Christmas traditions around the world. Christkind or Kris Kringle was believed to deliver presents to well-behaved Swiss and German children. Meaning “Christ child, ” Christkind is an angel-like figure often accompanied by St. Nicholas on his holiday missions. In Scandinavia, a jolly elf named Jultomten was thought to deliver gifts in a sleigh drawn by goats. English legend explains that Father Christmas visits each home on Christmas Eve to fill childrens stockings with holiday treats. Père Noël is responsible for filling the shoes of French children. In Russia, it is believed that an elderly woman named Babouschka purposely gave the wise men wrong directions to Bethlehem so that they couldnt find Jesus. Later, she felt remorseful, but could not find the men to undo the damage. To this day, on January 5, Babouschka visits Russian children leaving gifts at their bedsides in the hope that one of them is the baby Jesus and she will be forgiven. In Italy, a similar story exists about a woman called La Befana, a kindly witch who rides a broomstick down the chimneys of Italian homes to deliver toys into the stockings of lucky children. Christmas Traditions in the United States In the United States, Santa Claus is often depicted as flying from his home to home on Christmas Eve to deliver toys to children. He flies on his magic sleigh led by his reindeer: Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Donner, Blitzen, and the most famous reindeer of all, Rudolph. Santa enters each home through the chimney, which is why empty Christmas stockings—once empty socks, now often dedicated stockings made for the occasion—are “hung by the Chimney with care, in hopes that St. Nicholas soon would be there, ” as Clement Clarke Moore wrote in his famous poem. Stockings can be filled with candy canes and other treats or small toys. Santa Claus and his wife, Mrs. Claus, call the North Pole home, and children write letters to Santa and track Santas progress around the world on Christmas Eve. Children often leave cookies and milk for Santa and carrots for his reindeer on Christmas Eve. Santa Claus keeps a “naughty list” and a “nice list” to determine who deserves gifts on Christmas morning, and parents often invoke these lists as a way to ensure their children are on their best behavior. The lists are immortalized in the 1934 Christmas song “Santa Claus is coming to Town”: “He's making a list And checking it twice; Gonna find out Who's naughty and nice Santa Claus is coming to town He sees you when you're sleeping He knows when you're awake He knows if you've been bad or good So be good for goodness sake! ” The Ninth Reindeer, Rudolph Rudolph, “the most famous reindeer of all, ” was born over a hundred years after his eight flying counterparts. The red-nosed wonder was the creation of Robert L. May, a copywriter at the Montgomery Ward department store. In 1939, May wrote a Christmas-themed story-poem to help bring holiday traffic into his store. Using a similar rhyme pattern to Moores “‘Twas the Night Before Christmas, ” May told the story of Rudolph, a young reindeer who was teased by the other deer because of his large, glowing, red nose. But, When Christmas Eve turned foggy and Santa worried that he wouldnt be able to deliver gifts that night, the former outcast saved Christmas by leading the sleigh by the light of his red nose. Rudolphs message—that given the opportunity, a liability can be turned into an asset—proved popular. Montgomery Ward sold almost two and a half million copies of the story in 1939. When it was reissued in 1946, the book sold over three and half million copies. Several years later, one of Mays friends, Johnny Marks, wrote a short song based on Rudolphs story (1949. It was recorded by Gene Autry and sold over two million copies. Since then, the story has been translated into 25 languages and been made into a television movie, narrated by Burl Ives, which has charmed audiences every year since 1964.

Holidays, Christmas, Christmas Games, Christmas Goodies, Christmas Printables Grab the presents as Santa runs through 5 different world scenes. Avoid the obstacles. 헐 너무잘생겻어요 두긍두근. Any kid can tell you where Santa Claus is from—the North Pole. But his historical journey is even longer and more fantastic than his annual, one-night circumnavigation of the globe. The progenitor of the modern American Santa was born in the Mediterranean during the Roman Empire, his legend evolved across northern Europe, and he finally assumed his now-familiar form on the shores of the New World. Who is this ancestor of Santa, and how did he change over time? See " Christmas in July—Inside a Santa Summer Camp. Jolly Old St. Nicholas? Every December 6, the faithful celebrate St. Nicholas Day in cities all over the world, with the largest ones taking place in Europe. Images of St. Nicholas vary considerably, but none of them look much like the red-cheeked, white-bearded old man seen everywhere today. One of the most compelling views of the real St. Nick, who lived in the third and fourth centuries, was created not by ancient artists but by using modern forensic facial reconstruction. Scholarly debate over where the remains of the Greek bishop rest continues to this day, but traditionally, it was believed that the bones of St. Nicholas were stolen by Italian sailors during the 11th century and taken to the crypt of the Basilica di San Nicola on the southeast coast of Italy. When the crypt was repaired in the 1950s, the saint's skull and bones were documented with x-ray photos and thousands of detailed measurements. (For theories on other possible resting places of St. Nicholas, read. Could the Remains of Santa Claus Be in This Turkish Church. Caroline Wilkinson, a facial anthropologist at the University of Manchester (England) used these data and modern software simulations to create a modern reconstruction of the long-dead man. Wilkinson put a human face on Santa's original namesake—one with a badly broken nose, possibly suffered during the persecution of Christians under the Roman Emperor Diocletian. View Images The Basilica of Saint Nicholas in Bari, Italy, was built in the 11th century. Many believe that it houses the mortal remains and holy relics of St. Nicholas. Photograph by Mikhail Japaridze, TASS/Getty Much of her work is necessarily subject to interpretation. The size and shape of the facial muscles that once covered Nicholas's skull had to be inferred, and the shape of that skull itself was recreated from two-dimensional data. Digital artists added details that were based on best guesses, including the olive-toned skin most common among Greek Mediterraneans like Nicholas, brown eyes, and the gray hair of a 60-year-old man. "We are bound to have lost some of the level of detail you would get by working from photographs, but we believe this is the closest we are ever going to get to him. Wilkinson said in the BBC Two feature film of the project entitled The Real Face of Santa. From bishop to gift giver How did this St. Nicholas turn into the North Pole-dwelling bringer of Christmas gifts? The original saint was a Greek born in the late third century, around 280 A. D. He became bishop of Myra, a small Roman town in modern Turkey. Nicholas was neither fat nor jolly but developed a reputation as a fiery, wiry, and defiant defender of church doctrine during the Great Persecution in 303, when Bibles were burned and priests made to renounce Christianity or face execution. Nicholas defied these edicts and spent years in prison before the Roman emperor Constantine ended Christian persecution in 313 with the Edict of Milan. Nicholas's fame lived long after his death (on December 6 in the mid-fourth century, around 343) because he was associated with many miracles, and reverence for him continues to this day independent of his Christmas connection. He is the protector of many types of people, from orphans to sailors to prisoners. A religious icon representing St. Nicholas. PHOTOGRAPH BY HEMIS/ALAMY Nicholas rose to prominence among the saints because he was the patron of so many groups. By about 1200, explained University of Manitoba historian Gerry Bowler, author of Santa Claus: A Biography, he became known as a patron of children and magical gift bringer because of two great stories from his life. In the better-known tale, three young girls are saved from a life of prostitution when young Bishop Nicholas secretly delivers three bags of gold to their indebted father, which can be used for their dowries. "The other story is not so well known now but was enormously well known in the Middle Ages. Bowler said. Nicholas entered an inn whose keeper had just murdered three boys and pickled their dismembered bodies in basement barrels. The bishop not only sensed the crime, but resurrected the victims as well. "That's one of the things that made him the patron saint of children. " For several hundred years, circa 1200 to 1500, St. Nicholas was the unchallenged bringer of gifts and the toast of celebrations centered around his feast day, December 6. The strict saint took on some aspects of earlier European deities, like the Roman Saturn or the Norse Odin, who appeared as white-bearded men and had magical powers like flight. He also ensured that kids toed the line by saying their prayers and practicing good behavior. Christmas, Saint Nicholas and Father Christmas bringing presents for the children, extreme extraordinary illustration with both, scrap-picture, Germany, circa 1910, Illustration via INTERFOTO, Alamy But after the Protestant Reformation began in the 1500s, saints like Nicholas fell out of favor across much of northern Europe. "That was problematic. Bowler said. "You still love your kids, but now who is going to bring them the gifts? Bowler said that, in many cases, that job fell to baby Jesus, and the date was moved to Christmas rather than December 6. "But the infant's carrying capacity is very limited, and he's not very scary either. Bowler said. "So the Christ child was often given a scary helper to do the lugging of presents and the threatening of kids that doesn't seem appropriate coming from the baby Jesus. " Some of these scary Germanic figures again were based on Nicholas, no longer as a saint but as a threatening sidekick like Ru-klaus (Rough Nicholas) Aschenklas (Ashy Nicholas) and Pelznickel (Furry Nicholas. These figures expected good behavior or forced children to suffer consequences like whippings or kidnappings. Dissimilar as they seem to the jolly man in red, these colorful characters would later figure in the development of Santa himself. (Related: Who Is Krampus? Explaining the Horrific Christmas Devil. Coming to America In the Netherlands, kids and families simply refused to give up St. Nicholas as a gift bringer. They brought Sinterklaas with them to New World colonies, where the legends of the shaggy and scary Germanic gift bringers also endured. But in early America Christmas wasn't much like the modern holiday. The holiday was shunned in New England, and elsewhere it had become a bit like the pagan Saturnalia that once occupied its place on the calendar. It was celebrated as a kind of outdoor, alcohol-fueled, rowdy community blowout. Bowler said. "That's what it had become in England as well. And there was no particular, magical gift bringer. " Then, during the early decades of the 19th century, all that changed thanks to a series of poets and writers who strove to make Christmas a family celebration—by reviving and remaking St. Nicholas. Who Was Saint Nicholas? Find out how Old Saint Nick became a beloved figure all over the world, and how his image has changed over the years. Washington Irving's 1809 book Knickerbocker's History of New York first portrayed a pipe-smoking Nicholas soaring over the rooftops in a flying wagon, delivering presents to good girls and boys and switches to bad ones. In 1821 an anonymous illustrated poem entitled "The Children's Friend" went much further in shaping the modern Santa and associating him with Christmas. "Here we finally have the appearance of a Santa Claus. Bowler said. "They've taken the magical gift-bringing of St. Nicholas, stripped him of any religious characteristics, and dressed this Santa in the furs of those shaggy Germanic gift bringers. " That figure brought gifts to good girls and boys, but he also sported a birch rod, the poem noted, that "directs a Parent's hand to use when virtue's path his sons refuse. Santa's thin wagon was pulled by a single reindeer—but both driver and team would get a major makeover the next year. In 1822 Clement Clarke Moore wrote " A Visit From St. Nicholas. better known today as "The Night Before Christmas. for his six children, with no intention of adding to the fledgling Santa Claus phenomenon. It was published anonymously the next year, and to this day the plump, jolly Santa described therein rides a sleigh driven by eight familiar reindeer. "It went viral. Bowler said. But familiar as the poem is, it still leaves much to the imagination, and the 19th century saw Santa appear in different-colored clothing, in sizes from miniature to massive, and in a variety of different guises. "I have a wonderful picture of him that looks exactly like George Washington riding a broomstick. Bowler said. It wasn't until the late 19th century, he added, that the image of Santa became standardized as a full-size adult, dressed in red with white fur trim, venturing out from the North Pole in a reindeer-driven sleigh and keeping an eye on children's behavior. The jolly, chubby, grandfatherly face of this Santa was largely created by Thomas Nast, the great political cartoonist in an era that featured many. "However, Nast did leave him half-sized. Bowler added, and in what I think are rather indecent long johns. " Merry old Santa Claus 1880s, Thomas Nast Illustration by Thomas Nast, North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy Once firmly established, North America's Santa then underwent a kind of reverse migration to Europe, replacing the scary gift bringers and adopting local names like Père Noël (France) or Father Christmas (Great Britain. What he's done is pretty much tame these Grimm's Fairy Tales-type characters from the late medieval days. Bowler said. The Santa problem Though he undoubtedly means well, Santa has certainly stirred up, and continues to create, more than his fair share of controversy. In Russia, Santa Claus fell afoul of Josef Stalin. Before the Russian Revolution, Grandfather Frost ( Ded Moroz) was a favored figure of Christmas who had adopted characteristics of proto-Santas like the Dutch Sinterklaas. "When the Soviet Union was formed, the communists abolished the celebration of Christmas and gift bringers. Bowler said. "Then in the 1930s, when Stalin needed to build support, he allowed the reemergence of Grandfather Frost not as a Christmas gift bringer but as a New Year's gift bringer. Bowler added. Attempts to displace Christmas in Russia were ultimately unsuccessful, as were Soviet attempts to spread a secular version of Grandfather Frost, complete with blue coat to avoid Santa confusion, across Europe. "Everywhere they went after World War II, the Soviets tried to replace the native gift bringers in places like Poland or Bulgaria. Bowler explained. "But local people just sort of held their noses until the Soviet Union collapsed in 1989 and returned to their own traditions. " Santa remains a politicized figure around the world. American troops spread their version of the jolly man around the world in the years immediately following World War II, and he was generally welcomed, Bowler said, as a symbol of American generosity in rebuilding war-ravaged lands. Nowadays, however, people in many nations have Santa on their own naughty list, either because he represents the secular side of Christmas at the expense of the religious. Sometimes Santa is rejected because he's not a local. "In places like the Czech Republic, the Netherlands, Austria, and Latin America, they all have very strong anti-Santa movements because they are trying to preserve their native Christmas gift bringers and customs, and protect them from the North American Santa. he said. Such efforts seem unlikely to stop a growing interest in Santa Claus, but their organizers may save him a few stops on his busy Christmas Eve schedule. This story has been updated. It was originally published on December 20, 2013.

조회수 떡상각. Hey fellas! Before you try teaching the world about peace, you need to make peace with your brother Remigio. 영상에서 사용 된 포마드는 제품명 알 수 있을까요. Disclaimer: This post may contain affiliate links. All hosted affiliate links follow our editorial policies. [Updated 10-19-2019] Like most kids who grew up in the US, I became fascinated with Santa Claus from a very early age. From his fuzzy red suit and his long white hair and beard to the reindeer who pulled his sleigh, this jolly old elf who distributed presents to kids all around the world was a larger-than-life legend. But unlike other children, I never really grew out of my interest in St. Nick. Always the inquisitive kid, I had so many questions: Who was Santa Claus? Where did he come from? How did he get to be so beloved by children all around the world? Raised in the Episcopal Church, I became particularly fascinated with the history of Santa Claus. In particular, the origin of Santa in the Catholic Saint Nicholas, the 4th century Greek bishop who was known for his charitable gift-giving and countless miracles. The older I got, and the more I learned about Santa, the more I came to treasure the Christmas spirit he represented and the importance of keeping it in our hearts all year round. This year, as my 17-year-old daughter celebrates her last holiday at home before heading off to college, will be an extra special season for us. So, in addition to our annual traditions (including reading The Night Before Christmas and How the Grinch Stole Christmas) well be sharing these 50 fascinating facts about Santas 1600-year history and honoring St. Nicholas legacy of charitable giving. READ MORE:  10 Best Environmental Charities for Holiday Donations The Story of St Nicholas Names for Santa Around the World History of Santa Around the World Odin, Sleipnir Sinterklaas (Dutch Santa Claus) Father Christmas (British Santa Claus) Christkindl or “Kris Kringle” (German Santa Claus) Père Noël (French Santa Claus) History of Santa Claus in America The Coca-Cola Santa Claus Connection Miscellaneous Santa Facts Questions about Santa THE STORY OF ST NICHOLAS 1. Saint Nicholas was a  Greek Christian bishop born sometime around 280 A. D. (approximately  1738 years ago) near Myra in Lycia, a province of the Byzantine Anatolia (now located in  Turkey. He was famous for his generous and anonymous gifts to the poor. He once helped three impoverished daughters of a local Christian with dowries (dropping a sack of gold through their window each night) so that they wouldnt have to become prostitutes. 2. Given his birthplace, the real St Nicholas likely looked very different from the image of Santa Claus most people know today. He almost certainly had an oil skin tone, brown eyes, and grey/silver hair. When scientists reconstructed his face using forensic technology, they discovered that the future saint had a badly broken nose. They surmised that he had received the injury during the persecution of Christians under the rule of Emperor Diocletian, who famously divided the Roman Empire. 3. The saint is also commonly known as Nicholas the Wonderworker, due to the many miracles attributed to his intercession. These include tales of him calming stormy seas, chopping down a tree that was possessed by a demon, and saving three innocent soldiers from being put to death. 4. In 1087, the Italian city of Bari mounted an expedition to locate the tomb of the Christian Saint and procure his remains in order to attract tourism to the area. The reliquary of St Nicholas was desecrated by Italian sailors and the spoils were taken to Bari, where they are kept to this day. 5. St. Nicholas has been the worlds most popular non-Biblical saint for centuries. Led by Erik the Red and later his son, newly converted Christian Leif Eriksson, the Vikings were the first Europeans to arrive in the New World. In 1126 they built a cathedral dedicated to Nicholas, who is the patron saint of sailors, merchants, students, and more. Christopher Columbus named a port in Haiti for St. Nicholas in 1492, and the Spanish also named the St. Nicholas Ferry settlement (now Jacksonville, Florida) after him. READ MORE:   A Rare Look Inside 900-year-old Urnes Stave Church (Norway) Names for Santa Claus Around the World by Susanne Jutzeler, suju-foto from Pixabay NAMES FOR SANTA CLAUS AROUND THE WORLD Belgium- Pere Noel Brazil- Papai Noel Chile- Viejo Pascuero (“Old Man Christmas”) China- Dun Che Lao Ren (“Christmas Old Man”) Czech Republic- Svatý Mikuláš Netherlands- Kerstman Finland- Joulupukki France- Pere Noel Germany- Weihnachtsmann (“Christmas Man”) Hawaii- Kanakaloka Hungary- Mikulas (St. Nicholas) Italy- Babbo Natale Japan- Hoteiosho (a god or priest who bears gifts) Norway- Julenissen (“Christmas gnome”) Poland- Swiety Mikolaj (St. Nicholas) Russia- Ded Moroz (“Grandfather Frost”) Sweden- Jultomten (“Christmas brownie”) United Kingdom- Father Christmas.  HISTORY OF SANTA AROUND THE WORLD Odin riding Sleipnir from an 18th-century Icelandic manuscript Odin, Sleipnir & the Yule Goat (Scandinavian Santa) 6. Numerous parallels have been drawn between Santa Claus and Odin, a major god of the Germanic peoples prior to their Christianization. According to legend, Odin kept two ravens that would listen at peoples chimneys to find out who was good or bad. During the Germanic holiday of Yule, he led a great hunting party through the sky, riding an eight-legged horse named  Sleipnir that could leap great distances (sound like Santa Clauss reindeer. 7. Odin was referred to by many names in Skaldic poetry, including Langbarðr (“long beard”) and Jólnir (“Yule figure”. According to some traditions, children would place their boots near the chimney, filling them with carrots, straw, or sugar for Sleipnir to eat. Odin would then reward those children for their kindness by replacing Sleipnirs food with gifts or candy! Eventually, the use of Christmas stockings began to replace boots. 8. In other countries, the figure of St. Nicholas was blended with local pagan folklore. In Nordic countries such as Sweden and Norway, the original bringer of gifts at Christmastime was the Yule Goat. 9. In the 1840s, an elf in Nordic folklore called “Tomte” or “Nisse”–  a short, bearded man dressed in gray clothes and a red hat– started to deliver the Christmas presents in Denmark. This new version of the folkloric creature was obviously inspired by the Santa Claus traditions that were gradually spreading to Scandinavia. 10. By the end of the 19th century this tradition had also spread to Norway and Sweden, replacing the Yule Goat entirely. Even though the tradition of the Yule Goat as a bringer of presents is now gone, a straw goat is still a very common Christmas decoration in all of Scandinavia. READ MORE:   75 Christmas Traditions Around the World (with Fun Facts) Sinterklaas arrives in Schiedam by Sander van der Wel, Netherlands  CC BY-SA 2. 0,   Sinterklaas (Dutch Santa Claus) 11. In the Netherlands and Belgium, presents are delivered by Sinterklaas, who is often called De Goede Sint (“The Good Saint”) and De Goedheiligman (“The Good Holy Man”.  His feast, known as Sinterklaasfest, dates back to the Middle Ages and originally combined philanthropy to the poor with parties of Carnival-style excess. The feast takes place on December 6, and eventually came to be celebrated in many countries around the world. 12. Most of the iconic imagery we associate with Santa Claus actually started with Sinterklaas, who was a blend of pagan and Christian traditions. Like St. Nicholas, hes elderly, with long white hair and a full beard. He wears a long red cape over a white bishops vestment, carrying a ceremonial shepherds staff. Just as Odin rode Sleipnir, Sinterklaas rides a white horse. Where Odins ravens told him whether kids were naughty or nice, Sinterklaas helpers do the same. He keeps his checklist in a big, red book he carries with him. 13. In the Dutch tradition, Sinterklaas has helpers commonly known as  Zwarte Piet (“Black Peter”) in Dutch. Popularized by an 1850 book written by Amsterdam-based teacher Jan Schenkman, the character is said to be black because hes a Moor from Spain. People portraying Zwarte Piet typically wear blackface make-up, colorful clothes from the Renaissance era, curly-haired wigs, red lipstick, and earrings. This has led to controversy, with critics calling it an offensive racial stereotype reminiscent of the Dutch colonial era. 14. Schenkmans book, Sint-Nicolaas en zijn knecht (“Saint Nicholas and his Servant”) is also credited with introducing what would become traditional Dutch images of Sinterklaas. These included scenes of him delivering presents by going down the chimney, riding over the roofs of houses on a horse, and arriving from Spain by steamboat. Today, the Dutch holiday season traditionally begins in mid-November, when Sinterklaas arrives by steamboat at a designated port, then parades through the streets on his horse. 15. Some 26% of the Dutch population gives presents on both Sinterklaas Day and Christmas Day. In Belgium, presents are given to children only, but to almost all of them, on Sinterklaas Day. On Christmas Day, everybody receives presents, but often without the help of Sinterklaas. READ MORE:   20 Recycled Christmas Decorations & DIY Christmas Crafts to Make Scrooges third visitor, from Charles Dickens: A Christmas Carol by John Leech  via CC Father Christmas (British Santa Claus) 16. The figure later known as Father Christmas first appeared in Christmas his Masque, a 1616 play written by Ben Jonson. In the festive production, “Old Christmas” was portrayed as a jolly, well-nourished, bearded man dressed in a fur-lined robe. He personified the spirit of good cheer at Christmas. He was accompanied by his 10 children, whose names included Wassail, Carol, Misrule, and Minced-Pie. 17. Father Christmas was considered controversial in those pre-reformation days after the English Civil War. The government, which was controlled by Puritans, wanted to abolish Christmas and its traditional customs because they considered it a Catholic holiday. Supporters of King Charles adopted Father Christmas as a symbol of their cause because he represented bountiful feasting and good cheer. It wasnt until Victorian times that he started being associated with giving gifts to children. 18. Father Christmas first became known outside the UK as “the Ghost of Christmas Present” in Charles Dickenss A Christmas Carol.  In that holiday classic, he was portrayed as a large, genial man who takes Ebenezer Scrooge through the bustling streets of London on Christmas morning, sprinkling the essence of the holiday onto the happy populace. The book, which depicts Scrooge reluctant to give Bob Cratchit coal for the fire, is also thought to have inspired the “lump of coal for naughty kids” tradition. 19. When Father Christmas first began showing up in illustrations, he wore many different colored robes, including green, purple, blue, and brown, among others. It wasnt until the late 1800s that it first became popular to depict Santa Claus wearing a red suit. 20. By the early 1800s, pre-modern representations such as the historic St. Nicholas and the Dutch Sinterklaas had merged with the British Father Christmas to create the character now known as Santa Claus. Santa and Father Christmas are now considered to be the same person, though the Brits do tend to leave out beer or sherry for him rather than milk on Christmas Eve. READ MORE:   125+ Best Gifts for Travelers. Every Travel Style) Sankt Nikolaus SPANGDAHLEM AIR BASE, Germany by Iris Reiff Christkindl or “Kris Kringle” (German Santa Claus) 21. The German Santa Claus was nearly eliminated for centuries by Martin Luther, the 16th German professor of theology who played a major role in the Protestant Reformation. With his native land divided between Protestants and Catholics, Luther wanted to rid Christmas of all its Catholic customs. To replace St. Nicholas, he introduced das Christkindl, an angelic Christ Child who would bring gifts to good girls and boys. Eventually this figure was replaced by der Weihnachtsmann (Father Christmas) in Protestant regions and in the U. S., where Christkindl mutated into “Kris Kringle. ” Ironically, Christkindl is still popular in the Catholic region of Bavaria. 22. There are actually dozens of different names used for the German Santa Claus. The four most popular names are Weihnachtsmann, Klaus, Nickel, and Niglo, each of which is more popular in a different region of the country. But there are countless other local names, with most more commonly associated with December 6 ( Niklolaustag, or St. Nicholas Day) than Christmas Eve or Christmas Day. 23. When St. Nicholas arrives, hes not accompanied by jolly little elves. In Germany, his companions are more malevolent characters, with different names in different regions. Theyre known as Aschenmann, Bartl, Boozenickel, Hans Trapp, Klaubauf, Belsnickel/Pelznickel, Ruhklas, and Knecht Ruprecht, and all of them are pretty darn frightening. Collectively known as the Nikolaus-Begleiter (Nicholas Companions) these sinister souls reflect the twisted darkness of the Grimm Brothers fairy tales, which were based on ancient Germanic folklore. 24. The most famous of these St. Nicholas companions is Krampus, a half-goat, half-demon creature with a hideous face, horns, fangs, and a long, pointed tongue. Legend in the Alpine countries holds that Krampus comes to punish the naughty children. Some versions of the traditional folklore suggest hell swat them with birch branches, while others involve a sack for taking them to Hell. He traditionally appears during festivals on Krampusnacht (December 5) the night before the feast of St. Nicholas. 25. As early as 1555, St. Nicholas brought German children gifts on December 6, which was the only “Christmas” gift-giving time during the Middle Age. Now, on the night of December 5 or 6, a man dressed as der Heilige Nikolaus (who resembles a bishop and carries a staff) goes from house to house in small communities in Austria and the Catholic regions of Germany in order to bring small gifts to the children. READ MORE:  20 Best Festivals in the World (includes Krampusnacht) French Santa Claus from a c. 1910 postcard, via CC Père Noël  (French Santa Claus) 26. Known as Pére Noël, the French Santa Claus has a keen sense of style. Instead of the traditional red hat with a white pom pom on top, Père Noël has a fur-lined hood built right into his cloak, which is also trimmed with white fur. Not only does this (presumably fake) fur cloak make the French Santa more fashionable, its also more practical when flying across the night sky at light speed! 27. In the period leading up to Christmas, French children write letters to Père Noël in class at school, asking him for certain presents. A fun fact is that, in 1962, a law was passed in France decreeing that all letters written to Santa would be responded to with a postcard so that when a class writes letters, each pupil gets a response. 28. In the Franche-Comté region of eastern France, on the border with Switzerland, Père Noël is not nearly as popular as la Tante Arie (Aunt Arie. She is said to be the reincarnated form of Henriette de Montbéliard, the Countess of the County of Montbéliard. This fanciful fairy is said to always be accompanied by her donkey, Marion, and to reward good children with gifts and naughty children with nothing but a boot filled with twigs. Shes also believed to perform miracles for virtuous, hardworking, charitable people. 29. Instead of leaving milk and cookies out for Santa in France on Christmas Eve, the children leave carrots and other treats for Père Noëls flying donkey, Gui (the French word for mistletoe. Apparently the French really have a thing for Christmas donkeys! 30. There are no presents under the tree for French kids on Christmas Day. Instead, Père Noël brings toys after the evening Mass on Christmas Eve. Well, the good children get presents from Père Noël. But naughty children may instead encounter Le Père Fouettard (“the father whipper”) a nasty bad guy in black robes who– as his name implies– whips children who dont behave. READ MORE:   Real Christmas Tree vs Fake Christmas Tree: Which is Better? Merry Old Santa Claus by Thomas Nast via CC HISTORY OF SANTA CLAUS IN AMERICA 31. If you love Santa Claus but dont like immigrants, consider yourself a hypocrite. It was Dutch immigrants who originally brought the legend of Saint Nicholas (who was known to them as Sinterklaas) with them to New Amsterdam, which we now know as New York City. They also brought the Christmas traditions of their homeland, which included giving gifts and sweets to children on December 6, the day of his feast. 32. In Washington Irvings satirical story  History of New York (1809) Sinterklaas was Americanized into “Santa Claus. ” This name for St. Nicholas was first used in the American press in 1773. But by then the character had lost his bishops apparel. He was instead pictured as a big-bellied Dutch sailor with a pipe and a green winter coat. Irvings story may also be the first time Santa was depicted as sliding down a chimney to deliver presents. 33. John Pintard, who founded the New York Historical Society in 1804, also deserves his fair share of credit for making jolly old St. Nick more popular in the US. It was he who launched the societys first annual St. Nicholas anniversary dinner on December 6, 1910. To honor the occasion, he commissioned artist Alexander Anderson to create the first known American image of the saint. The portrait pictures Santa leaving treats in childrens stockings hanging by a fireplace. The accompanying poem reads, “Saint Nicholas, my dear good friend! To serve you ever was my end, If you will, now, me something give, Ill serve you ever while I live. ” 34. Many of our current ideas of what Santa Claus looks like came after the publication of the poem “ A Visit From St. Nicholas ” in the Troy, New York Sentinel on December 23, 1823. Initially published anonymously, the famous poem– which is better known today as “ Twas The Night Before Christmas” – was later attributed to Clement Clarke Moore. Modern details originally established in this poem included riding in a sleigh that lands on the rooftop, having 8 reindeer, and carrying a bag full of toys. 35. One of the first artists to define Santa Clauss modern-day image was  Thomas Nast, a German-born cartoonist of the 19th century. Nast was best known as a political cartoonist, particularly for his pro-Union work during the Civil War and creating the Republican Partys iconic elephant. But in 1863 he created his most enduring work, when his famous illustration of “Merry Old Santa Claus” appeared in  Harpers Weekly. The story that Santa lives at the North Pole may have been a Thomas Nast creation. His 1866 collage of engravings titled  Santa Claus and His Works included the caption, “Santa Clausville, N. P. ” READ MORE: Top 10 Living History Museums in America Coca-Cola Santa by Haddon Sundblom THE COCA-COLA SANTA CLAUS CONNECTION 36. Early illustrations of Santa Claus often pictured him as a stern, commanding disciplinarian holding a birch rod. The image of the jolly old elf we know and love today was created by artist Haddon Sundblom for Coca-Cola advertisements, which debuted in The Saturday Evening Post in 1931. The popularity of Sundbloms images spawned urban legends that Santa Claus was invented by the Coca-Cola Company, or that Santa wears red and white because theyre the colors used to promote the Coca-Cola brand. 37. Coca-Cola was not the first soft drink company to utilize a modern image of Santa Claus in its advertising. White Rock Beverages used Santa to sell mineral water in 1915, and then in advertisements for its ginger ale in 1923. Coca-Cola first used Santa for its Christmas ads in the 1920s, but they were not nearly as popular as Sundbloms Coca-Cola Santa Claus. 38. Sundbloms early paintings of Santa Claus were actually based on a live model– his buddy Lou Prentiss, a retired salesman. After he passed away, Sundblom began using himself as a model, painting while looking into a mirror. This led to a huge hullabaloo one year, when Santas belt was backwards! He also used other real people as models for his paintings, with the children based on his neighbors and a poodle in a 1964 painting belonging to his neighborhood florist. 39. In 1942 Sundblom introduced a new friend for his Coca-Cola Santa, known as “Sprite Boy. ” The character, who appeared in Cokes Christmas ads for nearly two decades, was named for the fact that he was a sprite (another name for an elf. The company didnt actually introduce the Sprite beverage until the 1960s. 40. Sundbloms Coca-Cola Santa Claus became one of the 20th centurys most successful ad campaigns. His indelible images were used in magazines, store displays, billboards, posters, calendars, and plush dolls, many of which are valuable collectibles today. He created his final Santa painting in 1964, but his art went on to be exhibited at the Louvre, the Royal Ontario Museum, and many more famous museums around the world. Many of Sundbloms original paintings can now be seen at the World of Coca-Cola in Atlanta, Georgia. READ MORE: Atlanta Christmas Events: 50 Things to do for Christmas in Georgia MISCELLANEOUS SANTA FACTS 41. During the Protestant Reformation, St. Nicholas was relegated to being Jesus sidekick, and looked nothing like the Santa Claus of today. In Germany he was known as Ru-laus (Rough Nicholas) Aschenklas (Ashy Nicholas) or Pelznickel (Furry Nicholas. Protestants also turned the Devil into St. Nicks helper in an attempt to demonize the Catholic saint, hoping their faithful flock would associate Santa with hellfire and damnation. 42. Although Santa/St. Nicholas has been celebrated for over 1, 000 years now, Mrs. Claus didnt get a single mention until the 1849 publication of A Christmas Legend, a short story by James Rees. She was later popularized by Katherine Lee Batess 1889 poem “Goody Santa Claus on a Sleigh Ride” (the term “Goody” was short for “Goodwife, ” or “Mrs. ”. 43. Spanish children widely prefer the Three Kings (a. k. a. Three Wise Men) over Santa Claus when it comes to Christmastime gift-givers. In Spain, kids write letters to Los Reyes Magos– Melchior, Caspar, and Balthazar– who bring the children gifts either the night before, or on the morning of, the Epiphany (January 6. The children usually leave a drink for each of the Three Kings, as well as some food and drink for their camels. 44. During Joseph Stalins reign in Russia (1924-1953) he attempted to eradicate Santa Claus and Christmas altogether in favor of a more secular “Winter Festival. ” Russians commonly believe that an elderly woman named Babouschka purposely gave the wise men bad directions to Bethlehem so that they couldnt find Jesus. Now, Babouschka visits Russian children on January 5, leaving gifts at their bedsides in the hope that one of them is the baby Jesus and she will be forgiven. 45. Introduced in 1823 in The Night Before Christmas, Santas reindeer were originally named Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Dunder and Blixem. Dunder and Blixem were later changed to Donner and Blitzen. Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer didnt come along until 1939, when Robert L. May created the character in a book for the Montgomery Ward department store. 46. In the Czech Republic, Santa comes on December 5, which is known as St. Nicholas Eve and considered a separate holiday from Christmas. That night, he normally arrives accompanied by one or more angels and devils. After asking the children if theyve been naughty or nice, he asks them to sing a song or recite a poem. If theyve been good, he gives them a basket of presents, often containing chocolate and fruit. If theyve been bad, the devil might give them a lump of coal. 47. Naturally the Hawaiian Christmas holiday has a tropical theme. Hawaiian Santa Claus and his elves wear aloha shirts instead of fur-trimmed suits. Some households import real Christmas trees from the mainland, while other decorate palm trees with lights and ornaments and use outrigger canoes and dolphins to resemble Santas sleigh and reindeer. The most popular Christmas dinner is a community or family luau, complete with roast pig and colorful Christmas leis. 48. The popular department store Santa tradition dates back nearly 130 years. The first one was Massachusetts entrepreneur James Edgar, who took on the role back in 1890. Edgar, who owned a small dry goods store in Brockton, Massachusetts, came up with the idea of dressing up in a Santa Claus costume as a marketing tool. Children from all over the state came to see him. The tradition of kids getting their picture taken with Santa dates back to at least 1918. 49. Countless kids around the world send letters to Santa Claus each Christmas season. The three countries that send the most letters are France (1. 7 million) Canada (1. 35 million) and the United States (just over a million. So where do all these letters to Santa ultimately go? In the United States, theyre sent to Santa Claus, Indiana! 50. With over 2. 1 billion children and an average of 2. 5 children per household, Santa must make 842 million stops in 32 hours on Christmas Eve. His round-the-world trip takes him some 218 million miles, with toys estimated to weigh in at over 400, 000 tons. Assuming all of the households he visits leave out two cookies for Santa on Christmas Eve, he consumes around 374 billion calories, 33, 000 tons of sugar, and 151, 000 tons of fat in one night! Hope Santa has a good personal trainer in the off-season… READ MORE:   Countries That Do Not Celebrate Christmas Shop Gifts From Around The World   –Bret Love  COMMON QUESTIONS ABOUT SANTA Who is Santa Claus? Where is Santa Claus from? How old is Santa Claus? What is Santa Claus real name? What is the origin of Father Christmas? What is the German Santa Claus name? What is the French name for Santa Claus? What is the origin of the American Santa? Did Santa used to be Green? Why does Santa wear red and white? Did Coca Cola make Santa red.

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Download Torrent Santa world news. 산타형님 다음엔 두피 마사지 강좌로 해주세요. Download Torrent Santa. And hear them echo through the hills for peace throughout the land. Questions or Need Order Help? Customer Service: 866) 665-0068 All Continental US Orders Ship Free Over 68. Congratulation very funny. Muy wenooo. World Games I Host city Santa Clara, California, United States Nations participating 58 Athletes participating 1, 400 (est. 1] Events 104 Opening ceremony July 24 Closing ceremony none held [2] Officially opened by Kim Un-yong President of World Games I Executive Committee [3] Main venue Toso Pavilion (19 events) 1985  > Cover of the World Games I brochure produced for Santa Clara in 1981. Buck Shaw Stadium, site of the opening ceremonies and tug of war matches Location of Santa Clara, the host city, in California on the west coast of the United States. World Games I souvenir button The 1981 World Games were the first World Games, an international multi-sport event, and were held in Santa Clara, California in the United States. The games featured sports that were not included in the Olympics, including tug-of-war, racquetball, baseball and softball, artistic roller skating, roller hockey, roller speed skating, finswimming, karate, women's water polo, bowling, bodybuilding, waterskiing, casting, badminton, trampoline, powerlifting and taekwondo. [3] Best estimates for attendance figures were that about 80, 000 spectators witnessed the first World Games. [4] Implementation [ edit] The World Games Council was formed independently of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and adopted policies designed to avoid problems that had plagued the Olympic Games for several decades. [3] For example, construction of new facilities was not required or encouraged. [4] Any flags displayed at ceremonies and Games sites were limited to the flags of the participating sports federations. No national anthems were played nor national flags displayed. Athletes entered the opening ceremonies grouped by sport under individual federation banners rather than by country. Athletes also were housed according to sport. [2] The respective sport federations paid for each athlete's housing, food and airfare. [4] The decision to stage World Games I was finalized in January, 1981. The organizing efforts were seriously set back when the Games' promotions agency, Global Sports Management of New York, pulled out in the final months. "It's a humble beginning to what we think is going to be a hard-earned, but successful and regularly-held international event. It's a miracle it is taking place at all. said World Games I promotions and sales coordinator Kent Hertenrath. [5] Kim Un-yong, president of the World Games executive committee, opened the Games with a brief address. “Our theme is sport for the sake of sport and a total disregard for where an athlete comes from, ” said Kim. Casey Conrad, executive director of the Presidents Council on Physical Fitness, represented U. S. President Ronald Reagan, who had survived an assassination attempt four months earlier, in greeting the athletes. [3] Governor of California Jerry Brown had planned to attend the opening ceremonies. But that summer, when Mediterranean fruit flies were discovered in the Santa Clara Valley, Brown withdrew to focus on emergency eradication efforts. [2] The Soviet Union had been invited to send athletes but, in the aftermath of the boycotted 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, instead worked to prevent the competition from ever occurring. [6] An event-day official of the casting governing body said that it had located the casting venue on land, which was preferred by the eastern bloc nations, instead of on water, as was the usual practice, in a failed effort to encourage their participation (personal communication, August 1, 1981. Games secretary-general Don Porter said that some of the problems encountered in the first World Games were created by the International Olympic Committee, especially the eastern bloc countries. Porter said that the national Olympic committees of these countries, as well as the IOC, had intensely pressured the World Games. He stated, “I think the International Olympic Committee is very concerned about World Games. Were not competing with the Olympic Games. We support the Olympic movement. ” [7] In fact, the World Games were organized to welcome both Olympic and non-Olympic sports. The sport governing bodies that were members of the World Games Council desired to be accepted eventually into the Olympic Games. Looking to the future, the Council sought to rule out the potential for the IOC to deny a sports Olympic acceptance based on an exclusion of the Olympic sports from the World Games program. Therefore, the World Games Council encouraged the participation of the sport federations of the Olympic Games. Indeed, the Olympic sport of boxing was to have been contested in these games and was featured on organizers' promotional materials. However, AIBA withdrew the sport from the program in the weeks before the opening of the games because of IOC disapproval. [8] Don Porter stated that, according to the president of AIBA, Don Hall, the IOC threatened to exclude boxing from the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics if AIBA participated in the World Games. [9] In the morning after the close of these Games, U. air traffic controllers went on a nationwide strike, leaving some athletes temporarily stranded. [4] As for the competition, Games officials expressed great satisfaction. Kim said, The important thing was the competition, and in that regard, the Games were a big success. 4] Kim presented the city of Santa Clara with the first official Games flag. [10] The executive director of World Games I, John Bragg, envisioned more than 50 sports participating in future events. H]opefully we will set the trend for many World Games to come. he said. "People here are beginning to realize that this is not just another competition. We could really revolutionize and clean out some of the negative aspects of international sports. 11] At the time, the World Games Council planned to hold the Games every two years and received presentations during the 1981 Games from prospective cities to host the 1983 edition, with London said to be the front-runner. [5] 12] Participants [ edit] 58 nations sent athletes to the first World Games. [13] 14] The Peoples Republic of China was the only communist country represented. [1] Poland was expected but evidently did not show. China had not participated in a summer international multi-sport competition since the 1936 Summer Olympics. [4] China participated only in badminton, capturing four of the five gold medals. [15] World records in waterskiing and powerlifting highlighted the first weekend of competition. Ana Maria Carrasco of Venezuela broke her own world record in waterskiing tricks. [6] In the 100kg class in powerlifting, Jim Cash of the U. set world records in both dead lift and total lift. [16] Two athletes each won four individual gold medals in these games: Steve Rajeff of the U. in casting and Juergen Kolenda of West Germany in finswimming. [17] Tom Peterson of the U. S., in roller speed skating, and Anne-Marie Rouchon of France, in finswimming, won three each. [4] Participating Nations at the 1981 World Games Argentina Australia Austria Bahamas Barbados Belgium Belize Bermuda Brazil Canada Chile China Chinese Taipei Colombia Curaçao Denmark Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Fiji Finland France Great Britain Guatemala Hong Kong India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Japan Kenya Luxembourg Malaysia Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Norway Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Portugal Puerto Rico Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Scotland Singapore South Korea Spain Sweden Switzerland Thailand United States (host) Venezuela Wales West Germany Sports [ edit] For seven World Games sports, according to their federation presidents at the time, the strongest competition ever held in those individual events was fielded at these Games. [18] 104 titles were awarded in 16 sports, including one belatedly designated an "invitational" or demonstration sport. [19] An invitational sport program did not exist at the time. An agreement was reached with FINA in the lead-up to the games not to allow women's water polo athletes to march in the opening ceremony, to assuage the displeasure of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) for its being included in the program. [8] as invitational sport Sport Titles [20] 21] 22] Notes Badminton 5 venue: San Jose Civic Auditorium. China, in its first summer multi-sport event since the 1936 Summer Olympics, competed in badminton only, winning 4 gold medals. [15] Baseball 1 venue: San Jose Municipal Stadium. Teams: Australia, Panama, South Korea and United States. [23] Bodybuilding 6 venue: San Jose Center for the Performing Arts. Arnold Schwarzenegger, winner of seven consecutive world championships and later the governor of California, carried the flag of the International Federation of Bodybuilders in the opening ceremony. Bowling 3 venue: Homestead Lanes, Cupertino, Ten-pin Casting 11 venue: Gunderson High School, San Jose Finswimming 12 venue: Santa Clara International Swim Center. This was the only sport in which athletes of the host nation were not entered. [3] Gymnastics: venue: San Jose Civic Auditorium Trampoline Tumbling 2 Karate 9 venue: Toso Pavilion, Santa Clara University. Japanese athletes won five of the nine events. [4] Powerlifting venue: Grandstand Pavilion (today the site of The Grizzly roller coaster [24. Marriott's Great America, Santa Clara. American athletes won six of the nine events. [4] Racquetball 4 venue: Decathlon Club (today the Bay Club) Santa Clara. This competition served as the first racquetball world championships. American athletes won all four events. [17] Roller sports: Inline skates were not used. Artistic skating venue: Cal Skate, Milpitas. [4] Speed skating 8 venue: Marriott's Great America Parking Lot J and neighboring streets, Santa Clara. The course was a 400-meter triangle-shaped track. The marathon road race was the first to be contested at the international level. Italian athletes won 12 of the 24 medals. Roller hockey venue: Cal Skate, Milpitas. Teams: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Italy, Portugal and United States. [23] Softball venue: Central Park, Santa Clara. Both men's and women's competitions were held. Kathy Arendsen pitched four shutouts for the U. women. [1] Mexico's men withdrew, being replaced by a second U. squad, which won the gold. [17] Taekwondo 10 venue: Toso Pavilion, Santa Clara University. South Korean athletes won nine of the ten weight classifications. [25] The victory of a Canadian athlete in the heavyweight class was called "the biggest upset of World Games I. 26] Tug of war venue: Buck Shaw Stadium, Santa Clara University (site of the opening ceremonies) The first medal event of the first World Games was the outdoor 640kg tug of war. [3] Water polo venue: Santa Clara International Swim Center. Women's teams from the Netherlands, Canada and the U. (2) participated, playing six games. [16] 23] Water skiing venue: Berkeley Aquatic Park, Berkeley Total 104 Medal table [ edit] The medal tally during the first World Games follows. The United States was at the top of the final medal table. [21] Host nation ( United States) Two bronze medals were awarded in each badminton (5) karate kumite (7) and taekwondo (10) event. No bronze medals were awarded in 8 of the 9 powerlifting events and the women's synchronized trampoline event. No silver medal was awarded in one powerlifting event. In women's individual trampoline, Canada and USA tied for the silver medal; thus no bronze medal was awarded. ^ A] The mixed badminton title was won by a pair of players from Sweden and Great Britain. Both nations are counted as having won a gold medal. Calendar [ edit] 1] 2] 3] 4] 6] 7] 15] 16] 17] 22] 23] 25] 26] 27] 28] 29] 30] 31] 32] 33] 34] 35] 36] 37] 38] 39] 40] 41] 42] All dates are Pacific Daylight Time ( UTC−07:00) OC Opening ceremony ● Event competitions Gold medal events July/August 24 Fri 25 Sat 26 Sun 27 Mon 28 Tue 29 Wed 30 Thu 31 Fri 1 Sat 2 Sun Ceremonies N/A Artistic roller skating Road speed skating [25] Track speed skating [22] 36] Trampoline gymnastics Waterskiing Total gold medal events 17 13 18 Cumulative total 28 41 46 58 76 89 95 Gallery [ edit] IWGA World Games I gallery of photos here. Dr. Un Yong Kim of South Korea opens World Games I. Arnold Schwarzenegger, winner of seven consecutive world championships, carries the flag of the International Federation of Bodybuilders in the opening ceremony of World Games I in 1981 at Santa Clara University, California. World Games I athletes grouped by sport at the inaugural opening ceremony; tug of war pulling area marked on foreground for first ever World Games event, which followed the ceremony Men's 720 kg tug of war final scoreboard at World Games I Artistic skating ladies singles gold, silver and bronze medalists (l to r) Anna Conklin (USA) Elena Bonati (ITA) and Tina Kneisley (USA) acknowledge the crowd at the medal ceremony. Artistic roller skating pairs gold medalists, Tina Kneisley and Paul Price (USA) Sylvia Gingras and Guy Aubin (CAN) bronze medalists in pairs artistic roller skating at the 1981 World Games Australia's baseball team at World Games I in 1981 at San Jose Municipal Stadium Korean baseball fans cheer for their team at World Games I. Canada's men's softball team at the 1981 World Games Casting athlete at World Games I Casting - Multiplier Distance Single Handed gold, silver and bronze medalists, respectively – Steve Rajeff (USA) Chris Korich (USA) and Zack Willson (USA) Casting competition at San Jose, California, during World Games I Casting - Multiplier Distance Double Handed gold, silver and bronze medalists, respectively: Chris Korich (USA) Art Walker (CAN) and Keith Pryor (USA) Finswimming competition at World Games I Medals podium for the unofficial men's finswimming 4x200m relay, with Italy II on top (time 6:30. 16) and Sweden, the next single-nationality team, in third place. Other swimmers stood in for the second-place team of two West German and two French athletes. World Games I action in roller hockey Women's softball at World Games I Women's water polo at World Games I World Games I Pairs Artistic Skating medalists after podium ceremony, July 1981 World Games I Pairs Artistic Skating medals podium, July 1981 World Games I Ladies Artistic Skating medals podium, July 1981 World Games I USA-Australia baseball game, July 1981 World Games I Women's Softball, Bahamas post-game celebration, August 1981. After the bronze-medal clinching women's softball game, Bahamian fans staged an impromptu celebration that wound its way around the perimeter of the field, with continual singing, dancing, music and Caribbean beats. References [ edit] a b c d SARGIS, JOE (Aug 3, 1981. For the real sports fan, the name of the. United Press International. ^ a b c d SARGIS, JOE (July 23, 1981. The World Games, an ambitious movement featuring some of. United Press International. ^ a b c d e f g SARGIS, JOE (July 24, 1981. With a simple ceremony, a touch of pageantry and. United Press International. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k SARGIS, JOE (Aug 3, 1981. The World Games slipped out of town Monday, quietly. United Press International. ^ a b Laucher, Karl (23 July 1981. A Humble Beginning. San Jose Mercury-News. San Jose, California. p. 5E, 7E. ^ a b c SARGIS, JOE (July 25, 1981. Ana Maria Carrasco of Venezuela shattered her own world. United Press International. ^ a b "The World Games I executive committee is leaning toward. United Press International. July 31, 1981. ^ a b Berkow, Ira (July 28, 1981. UNHERALDED SPORTS EXERT A PULL, TOO. New York Times. Retrieved 2015-10-25. ^ Hruby, Dan (July 24, 1981. Russians keeping tabs on Games success. p. 1E. ^ World Games end without fanfare, deficit, worries. San Jose Mercury News. Aug 4, 1981. p. 4D. ^ Finch, Peter (July 24, 1981. World Games curtain set to be tugged. p. 7E. ^ American team remains unbeaten in softball. Aug 1, 1981. p. 5E. ^ World Games I facts and figures. July 23, 1981. p. 5E. ^ World Games. July 25, 1981. p. 10D. ^ a b c SARGIS, JOE (July 29, 1981. For the Republic of China, the climb back into. United Press International. ^ a b c SARGIS, JOE (July 26, 1981. Jim Cash of Manhattan, Kan., set two world records. United Press International. ^ a b c d SARGIS, JOE (Aug 2, 1981. Arendsen pitches perfect game. United Press International. ^ World Games offer new sports showcase. p. 7E. ^ Santa Clara, USA 1981 Programme Sports. International World Games Association. Retrieved 2015-10-25. ^ Santa Clara, USA 1981 Calendar & Results. Retrieved 2015-10-25. ^ a b "Results of the World Games. Retrieved 2015-10-25. ^ a b c "World Games I Results. United Press International. July 29, 1981. ^ a b c d SARGIS, JOE (July 28, 1981. The Netherlands, with Ria Roos scoring four goals, buried. United Press International. ^ Wilson, Steven W. (2014. California's Great America. Arcadia Publishing. p. 45. ^ a b c SARGIS, JOE (Aug 1, 1981. Running 26 miles. the classic marathon distance. United Press International. ^ a b SARGIS, JOE (July 30, 1981. Darrell Hanegan of Montreal scored the biggest upset of. United Press International. ^ World Games Results International, at Santa Clara, Calif. Aug., 2. Aug 2, 1981. ^ World Games I Results At Santa Clara Calif., July 24 (sic. July 25, 1981. ^ Sunday's schedule of events in World Games I: 10 a. m. July 25, 1981. ^ World Games I at Santa Clara, Calif. July 26. July 26, 1981. ^ Monday's schedule of events in World Games I: 1 p. July 26, 1981. ^ SARGIS, JOE (July 27, 1981. Jurgen Kolenda, a 20-year-old physics major from the University. United Press International. ^ World Games I Results. July 27, 1981. ^ World Games schedule of events for Tuesday, July 28. July 27, 1981. ^ SARGIS, JOE (July 28, 1981. Of course, these are only the first World Games. United Press International. ^ a b SARGIS, JOE (July 29, 1981. Roller speed skater Tom Peterson of Tacoma, Wash., gave. United Press International. ^ Thursday's schedule of events in World Games I: 9 a. July 29, 1981. ^ Friday's schedule of events in World Games I: 9 a. July 30, 1981. ^ World Games Results. July 30, 1981. ^ SARGIS, JOE (July 30, 1981. Not to anyone's surprise, World Games I is beginning. United Press International. ^ SARGIS, JOE (July 31, 1981. It's a long way from Olympic ice hockey to. United Press International. ^ Sunday's schedule of events in the final day of. Aug 1, 1981. External links [ edit] Official Website of the IWGA.

Save money. Use the U. S. News Best Price Program to find the best local prices on the Santa Fe. 25, 900 - 39, 200 MSRP 2020 Hyundai Santa Fe Review The 2020 Hyundai Santa Fe finishes near the top of our midsize SUV rankings. It has a comfortable interior, plenty of tech features, good fuel economy, and a balanced ride. Pros & Cons Comfortable ride Good fuel economy Quality interior Lots of easy-to-use tech features Underwhelming base engine Rivals handle better Less cargo space than some competitors New for 2020 Rear-seat reminder now standard Blind View Monitor now available SEL Plus, Ultimate, and XL models discontinued Sliding second-row seats discontinued Fewer standard features See all New for 2020 Features & Specs 20-22   CITY 26-29   HWY See full 2020 Hyundai Santa Fe specs » 2020 Santa Fe Photos See All 126 Photos » Rankings & Awards The 2020 Hyundai Santa Fe's #2 ranking is based on its score within the Midsize SUVs category. It was the winner of our 2020 Best 2-Row SUV for the Money award. Currently the Hyundai Santa Fe has a score of 8. 5 out of 10, which is based on our evaluation of 30 pieces of research and data elements using various sources. #2 in Midsize SUVs #4 in Crossover SUVs #3 in SUVs with 2 Rows Scorecard Critics' Rating: 8. 8 Performance: 6. 9 Interior: 8. 1 Safety: 9. 5 Reliability: This rating isnt available yet for the current model year. In the meantime, last years rating of 4. 5 for reliability is being used to calculate this vehicles overall score. TBD Is the Hyundai Santa Fe a Good SUV? Yes, the Hyundai Santa Fe is a good midsize SUV. It has just about everything most people look for in a vehicle: good gas mileage, a smooth ride, comfortable seats, and a quiet cabin. We named the Santa Fe our 2020 Best 2-Row SUV for the Money because of its superior combination of quality and value in its class. There are plenty of standard and available tech features, and you don't need a Ph. D. to use them. A few areas could use improvement though. The base engine feels underpowered, and the Santa Fe isnt as agile as many rivals. And while this two-row SUV provides a good amount of cargo space, many midsize SUVs have more room. Should I Buy the Hyundai Santa Fe? This Hyundai deserves a look from midsize-SUV shoppers. In addition to the attributes mentioned above, the Santa Fe also carries a below-average price tag for the class, so you get a good amount of bang for your buck. That said, the top of our midsize SUV rankings are competitive, so you may want to see how the Santa Fe stacks up against competitors like the Mazda CX-9. Even a compact SUV like the Honda CR-V might appeal to some Santa Fe shoppers. Compare the Santa Fe, CX-9, and CR-V » Should I Buy a New or Used Hyundai Santa Fe? The 2020 Hyundai Santa Fe belongs to a generation that began with the 2019 model. Most of the changes for 2020 are actually subtractions. Hyundai discontinued the SEL Plus and Ultimate trims. The three-row Santa Fe XL also disappears, which is likely related to the debut of the three-row 2020 Hyundai Palisade. Sliding second-row seats are no longer available, and several features are no longer standard, including blind spot monitoring, rear cross traffic alert, and Safe Exit Assist (monitors rear traffic before passengers exit the vehicle. There are a couple of new features. A rear-seat reminder now comes standard, and Blind View Monitor (displays a real-time image of the Santa Fe's blind spots in the driver's instrument screen when you activate a turn signal) is available. You can likely save money by shopping for a used 2019 Santa Fe, and you won't miss out on many features. Indeed, you may even get more features if you're shopping for a lower trim. Be sure to read our 2018 and 2019 Santa Fe reviews to help make your decision. You can also check out our Used Car Deals page to learn about savings and discounts on used vehicles. Compare the 2018, 2019, and 2020 Santa Fe » We Did the Research for You: 30 Reviews Analyzed We dont base our car reviews on our personal opinions. Instead, we combine the findings of professional test drivers with data such as performance specs and safety scores to give you a complete overview of every vehicle we rank. This review uses applicable research and data from all model years of the current Santa Fe generation, which launched for 2019. Why You Can Trust Us U. News & World Report has been ranking the best cars, trucks, and SUVs since 2007, and our staff has more than 75 years worth of auto industry experience combined. To keep our reviews unbiased, we dont accept expensive gifts or trips from car companies, and an outside company manages our advertising. How Much Does the Hyundai Santa Fe Cost? The Santa Fe's base price is 26, 125. The top-of-the-line Santa Fe Limited starts at 35, 975. At both ends of the trim range, this Hyundai costs less than most midsize SUVs. Check out our  U. News Best Price Program  for great savings at your local Hyundai dealer. You can also find excellent manufacturer incentives on our  Hyundai deals page. Hyundai Santa Fe Versus the Competition Which Is Better: Hyundai Santa Fe or Mazda CX-9? The Mazda CX-9 joins the Santa Fe near the top of our midsize SUV rankings. The Mazda features an energetic turbocharged engine, good fuel economy ratings, and better handling than the Hyundai. The Mazda seats up to seven in what is arguably the nicest cabin in the class. Both SUVs have plenty of features, user-friendly infotainment systems, and similar cargo capacities to one another. However, the Santa Fe has a lower base price by thousands of dollars, and it's a better value proposition than the CX-9. These are two good choices, and both SUVs are worth considering. Buy the CX-9 if you prioritize performance and have more room in your budget. If you want to spend less and can live with only five seats, get the Santa Fe. Which Is Better: Hyundai Santa Fe or Honda CR-V? The Honda CR-V is one of our highest-rated compact SUVs. However, being in a smaller class doesn't mean that it's outmatched by the midsize Santa Fe. The Honda has a more energetic powertrain than the Hyundais base engine, and it has nearly as much cargo space as the Santa Fe. The Honda gets better fuel economy ratings as well. Both vehicles have plenty of passenger space and quality interiors. Test-drive both to see which you like better. Santa Fe Interior How Many People Does the Santa Fe Seat? The 2020 Santa Fe seats five. Both rows of seats are comfortable and have plenty of room for adults. The reclining rear seats are a nice touch. Santa Fe and Child Car Seats There are two full sets of LATCH car-seat connectors on the Santa Fes rear outboard seats, as well as an upper tether for the rear middle seat. The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety notes that the lower anchors are set deep in the seats. Santa Fe Interior Quality Climb inside the Santa Fe, and you're greeted by an attractive cabin with high-end materials. Also, this midsize SUV is quiet at highway speeds. Santa Fe Cargo Space The base Santa Fe gives you a decent amount of cargo space for a two-row SUV. It has 35. 9 cubic feet behind the second row and 71. 3 cubic feet with the rear seats folded. That's plenty of space for vacation luggage and a few sets of golf clubs or all the supplies for a tailgate or beach day. Santa Fe Infotainment, Bluetooth, and Navigation Standard features for the Santa Fe include a rear-seat reminder and an infotainment system with a 7-inch display, Bluetooth, four USB ports, Apple CarPlay, and Android Auto. Available features include dual-zone automatic climate control, a 12-speaker Infinity audio system, satellite radio, HD Radio, an 8-inch touch screen, navigation, wireless device charging, and a panoramic sunroof. The infotainment system is easy to use. Its interface is fast, and the system responds quickly to inputs. Most of the controls are well-organized, and the screen is angled to reduce glare from the sun. Read more about interior » Santa Fe Performance Santa Fe Engine: Skip the Base You should look past the Santa Fe's 185-horspower four-cylinder base engine. This power plant generally fails to impress, and it doesn't make the Santa Fe feel quick or powerful. A better choice is the available 235-horsepower turbocharged four-cylinder engine. It's not super responsive, but it delivers much better acceleration than the base engine and never feels underpowered. Santa Fe Gas Mileage: Among the Best in the Class Few midsize SUV rivals can match the fuel economy ratings the Santa Fe gets with its base engine – 22 mpg in the city and 29 mpg on the highway. With the turbo-four engine, the Santa Fe earns a slightly lower but still respectable 20 mpg in the city and 27 mpg on the highway. Santa Fe Ride and Handling: It Gets the Job Done Though the Santa Fe can't match the athleticism of some of its peers, its ride and handling certainly won't turn you off from buying it. The Santa Fe feels stable and secure when cornering, and the ride feels cushioned, even over rough pavement. Santa Fe Towing Capacity When properly equipped, the Santa Fe can tow up to 3, 500 pounds. Read more about performance » Santa Fe Reliability Is the Hyundai Santa Fe Reliable? At the time of writing, the 2020 Hyundai Santa Fe doesn't have a predicted reliability rating from J. Power. Hyundai Santa Fe Warranty The Hyundai Santa Fe comes with a five-year/60, 000-mile warranty and a 10-year/100, 000-mile powertrain warranty. Read more about reliability » Santa Fe Safety Santa Fe Crash Test Results The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration gave the 2020 Santa Fe an overall safety rating of five stars out of five. The Santa Fe earned five stars in the side crash test and four stars in the frontal crash and rollover evaluations. The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety gave the 2020 Santa Fe the highest rating of Good in all six crash tests performed. The Santa Fe's standard front crash prevention features also earned the highest mark for their effectiveness. The standard headlights earned the second-lowest rating of Marginal for forward visibility, but the optional headlights earned the highest score of Good. Santa Fe Safety Features Standard driver assistance features include a rearview camera, adaptive cruise control, automatic emergency braking, forward collision warning, pedestrian detection, driver drowsiness monitoring, and lane keep assist. Available active safety features include rear parking sensors, a head-up display, a surround-view parking camera, blind spot monitoring, and rear cross traffic alert. Also available are Safe Exit Assist, which monitors rear traffic before passengers exit the vehicle, and Blind View Monitor, which displays a real-time image of the Santa Fes blind spots in the driver's instrument screen when you activate a turn signal. Read more about safety » Santa Fe Dimensions and Weight The Santa Fe is 15. 7 feet long. Its curb weight ranges from 3, 591 to 4, 085 pounds. Where is the Hyundai Santa Fe Built? Hyundai builds the 2020 Santa Fe in Alabama. Which Hyundai Santa Fe Model Is Right for Me? The 2020 Hyundai Santa Fe comes in three trims: SE, SEL, and Limited. The SEL is the best bet for most shoppers. Its starting price is within 2, 000 of the base trims, but it comes with several additional comfort and driver assistance features, and it offers two option packages not available in the base SE. It's also the lowest trim to offer the turbocharged engine, which is an upgrade worth making because the base engine fails to impress in most driving situations. Hyundai Santa Fe SE The Santa Fe SE trim carries a base price of 26, 125. It comes with a 185-horsepower four-cylinder engine, an eight-speed automatic transmission, and front-wheel drive. Standard features include a rear-seat reminder, keyless entry, and an infotainment system with a 7-inch display, Bluetooth, four USB ports, Apple CarPlay, and Android Auto. Standard driver assistance features include a rearview camera, adaptive cruise control, forward collision warning, pedestrian detection, driver drowsiness monitoring, and lane keep assist. You can add all-wheel drive for 1, 700. There are no option packages available with the base trim. Hyundai Santa Fe SEL The Santa Fe SEL starts at 27, 875. In addition to the base trim's features, the SEL comes with a power-adjustable driver's seat, heated front seats, proximity keyless entry, blind spot monitoring, rear cross traffic alert, Safe Exit Assist, satellite radio, and HD Radio. There are two option packages available with the SEL. The Convenience package (2, 250) adds dual-zone automatic climate control, a hands-free power liftgate, rear parking sensors, wireless device charging, and a 12-speaker Infinity audio system. The Premium package (2, 750) includes a panoramic sunroof, a power-adjustable passenger seat, and leather upholstery. You can purchase all-wheel drive for 1, 700. The SEL is the lowest trim to offer the 235-horsepower turbocharged four-cylinder engine. Going with the turbo-four engine also requires that you add the Convenience and Premium packages. Pricing starts at 34, 725. Hyundai Santa Fe Limited Following the Santa Fe's lineup changes for 2020, the Limited is now the top trim. The Santa Fe Limited starts at 35, 875. On top of the lower trim's features, the Limited comes with ventilated front seats, heated second-row seats, a heated steering wheel, a head-up display, a surround-view camera system, Blind View Monitor, an 8-inch touch screen, and navigation. Basically, the Limited comes standard with almost every feature the Santa Fe has to offer. All-wheel drive is available for 1, 700, and the turbo-four engine costs 1, 850. See 2020 Hyundai Santa Fe specs and trims » The Final Call The 2020 Hyundai Santa Fe provides a more mundane driving experience than several of its classmates, but if you can look past that, you'll find an SUV worth your consideration. It's comfortable and packed with features, and its price makes it a solid value in the midsize SUV class. Dont just take our word for it. Check out comments from some of the reviews that drive our rankings and analysis. "From a content standpoint, the Santa Fe leads the pack, offering a host of standard driver assists, and numerous luxury features such as ventilated front seats, a Surround View monitor and a massive panoramic sunroof. Really, if there is one word to describe this new Santa Fe, it's 'competent. Outstanding in few areas, but underwhelming in even fewer, it goes about its job in a well-rounded but ultimately unmemorable fashion. Its handsome styling is its most characterful attribute, which for most buyers, will be a key reason for considering it over those more utilitarian compact models. Autotrader "The redesigned Hyundai Santa Fe could be the sensible choice for many SUV buyers or even defectors from large sedans. It's capable and pleasant with lots of usable interior space, good visibility, and easy controls. For many shoppers, the comprehensive suite of safety systems and competitive price may seal the deal. Consumer Reports (2019) With the redesign, the 2019 Hyundai Santa Fe is the best looking (by far) crossover in its competitive set, including includes (sic) the Ford Edge, Subaru Outback, Nissan Murano, Kia Sorento and Jeep Cherokee. But it is still a crossover, no matter how square it looks and tough it acts. … If I'm looking for a compact crossover with SUV aspirations, this is high on my list. Autoweek (2019) Buying Expert Advice Last Updated: January 10, 2020 Rising Sales: The Hyundai Santa Fe finished the year in the top third of the midsize SUV class in terms of sales, and dealerships moved 8. 8 percent more models last year compared to the same span in 2018. Research more buying advice » ADVERTISEMENT – CONTINUE READING BELOW 2020 Hyundai Santa Fe MSRP: 25, 900 - 39, 200 Lower Monthly Payments Get the Real Price Online See What Others Paid More than 150, 000 car shoppers have purchased or leased a car through the U. News Best Price Program. Our pricing beats the national average 86% of the time with shoppers receiving average savings of 3, 402 off MSRP across vehicles. Learn More ».

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Download torrent santa world tour. Download torrent santa world tracker. The jolly, bearded Santa Claus that Americans know and love is not the only version of a Santa-like mythical being. In Spain, children receive gifts from the three Reyes Magos (three Wise Men. In Germany, children are fearful of Krampus: the demonic being that whips and kidnaps children who have misbehaved. Most Americans tend to think of Santa Claus as the jolly man in the red suit with a sack full of toys to deliver to children around the world on Christmas. But the Santa you see in American movies and on Coca-Cola bottles is only one version of a mythical being who either rewards or punishes children and gives out gifts around Yuletide. From Sinterklaas in The Netherlands who rides a horse to the female Christkind in Austria and Germany, here's how Santa Claus is portrayed in 13 countries around the world. United Kingdom — Father Christmas A traditional Father Christmas. Photo courtesy of Disney Food Blog Certain traditions are just a natural part of the British Christmas: Yorkshire pudding and turkey on the Christmas table, kids pulling Christmas crackers, and Father Christmas wearing green. Although you will see the more popular, red-suited version of Santa on Christmas in the UK, the traditional British Father Christmas wears a hooded green cloak, a wreath of holly or ivy, and carries a staff. His appearance — like many Christmas traditions — is rooted in pagan mythology.   In pop culture, he resembles the Ghost of Christmas Present in Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol. " France — Père Noël or Papa Noël Père Noël in the France pavilion in Walt Disney World. Jacob Windham/ Wikimedia Commons While his name may just be French for Father Christmas, Père Noël has his own Christmas traditions. He wears a long red cloak instead of a red suit, and children leave their shoes by the fireplace hoping that they will be filled with goodies after mass on Christmas Eve. Père Noël also traditionally travels with a not-so friendly companion called Père Fouettard, or "the whipping father. who spanks any children who have not behaved well throughout the year. Russia and Ukraine — Ded Moroz and Snegurochka (Father Frost and Snow Maiden) Ded Moroz poses with the Snow Maiden at a Christmas festival in Russia. Yogi555/ Wikimedia Commons Ded Moroz (translated as Father Frost) is a  figure of Slavic mythology, often depicted as a wizard or demon. Traditionally, he would punish naughty children by kidnapping them, but this darker part of Ded Moroz's personality has softened over the years. Now, on New Year's Eve, he travels all over the Slavic region, mainly in Russia and Ukraine, carrying gifts for children with his cheerful companion, Snegurochka the Snow Maiden. Sweden — Tomte or Jultomten Tomte visits children in a Swedish home on Christmas Eve. David Castor/ Wikimedia Commons Tomte  or Jultomten is a creature based in Swedish folklore. Traditionally a dwarf-like being with the appearance of a garden gnome, the tomte guards farmhouses from bad luck. Although he was originally  associated with the devil, the tomte legend has in modern times become conflated with Santa Claus. On Christmas, an adult family member will dress up as Jultomten — complete with a face mask as seen above — and ask "are there any good children who live here. before distributing his sack of presents. Norway — Julenissen Julenissen as Norway representative at the World Santa Claus Congress. Leif Jørgensen/ Wikimedia Commons The Nissen or Julenissen in Norwegian folklore are very similar to the Swedish Jultomten. Known as Christmas pixies or Christmas elves, the Julenissen were traditionally barn devils who would act as spirit guardians over farms.  Nowadays, Julenisse comes from the North Pole and give gifts to little children on Christmas, just like the iconic version of Santa Claus. Unlike Santa, Julenisse wears grey clothes and usually has a grey beard instead of a white one. The Netherlands — Sinterklaas Sinterklaas rides on his horse outside the Het Loo Palace in the Netherlands. P. M. (Pieter) Wiersinga/ Wikimedia Commons Sinterklaas is the Dutch version of Santa Claus who most resembles St. Nicholas, the patron saint of children and inspiration for the modern Santa Claus legend.  Sinterklaas comes riding into town on a white horse, wearing a tall, red bishop's hat and a jeweled staff. He knocks on doors and brings gifts to good children, while his companion,  Grumpus, rattles chains at naughty children and threatens to kidnap them. Austria, Switzerland, and Germany — Christkind or Christkindl Christkind at a Christmas market in Nuremberg. Lennart Preiss/ Getty Christkind or "Christ Child"  is the benevolent (usually female) gift-bringer who leaves presents for good children on Christmas Eve, much like her more famous counterpart, Santa Claus. She makes appearances to Lutheran families in  Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, and the Slovakian region, and usually appears wearing a crown and long, curly blonde hair.  Christkind's angelic appearance and peaceful persona is derived from  baby Jesus Christ himself, and comes from the Protestant tradition that Jesus — instead of a mythological creature like Santa or Father Frost — leaves behind presents on Christmas.  Every year, the city of Nuremberg in Germany chooses a child to play the part of the Christkind during the the holiday market and celebration known as Christkindlmarkt. Spain — Los Reyes Magos One of the Reyes Magos holds a young boy on his lap during a celebration in Pamplona, Spain. Alvaro Barrientos/ Associated Press In Spain, good children are not only visited by one, but three jolly figures who disseminate presents on  El Dia De Reyes, the day that the three wise men (or magi) finally reached baby Jesus on January 6. In the days leading up to El Dia de Reyes, children in Spain, Mexico, and other Hispanic countries will write letters to their favorite mago  — Melchor, Gaspar, or Baltasar — asking for gifts.  That night, children leave out sweets for the magi and hay for the camels they ride on (sound familiar. and place their shoes where the magi will spot them. The next day, the offerings will be replaced by presents. Finland — Joulupukki or Yule goat A giant straw yule goat in Gefle, Sweden. Tony Nordin/ Wikimedia Commons Joulupukki, also known as the Yule goat, has been nicknamed the Finnish Santa. Before globalism naturally combined traditional Scandinavian customs with modern-day Santa Claus, the Yule goat was a malevolent spirit associated with the Norse god Odin who knocked on doors and demanded gifts and leftovers from the Yuletide feasts.  Nowadays,  Joulupukki still goes around to each house, but will instead inquire, Onko täällä kilttejä lapsia? ” (“Are there any well-behaved children here? ”) and hand out presents. He drives a sleigh pulled by reindeer that does  not actually fly. Modern decorative representations of the Yule goat are usually made out of straw, like the famous Gävlebocken in Gavle, Sweden, which has been set on fire 26 times out of 47 years, and has become a somewhat macabre pyrotechnic tradition. Catalonia — Tió de Nadal A Tió de Nadal figurine under a Christmas tree in Catalonian Spain. Slastic/ Wikimedia Commons As perhaps the most fun-loving tradition on this list, Tió de Nadal is a log with a painted-on smiley face who defecates presents (yes, really. In the Catalonian region of Spain, children place Tió de Nadal under the Christmas tree and "feed him" nuts and dried fruit in the days leading up to Christmas, while simultaneously keeping him warm under a blanket. On Christmas Eve, the children beat poor Tió with sticks and sing a rather graphic song about bodily functions. The next morning, the children will find that Tió de Nadal  has defecated a pile of gifts and sweets. Iceland — Yule Lads A Yule Lad as he appears in the 2015 movie, Krampus. " Screenshot courtesy of Legendary Entertainment The Yule Lads are 13 mischievous Icelandic elves — who instead of making toys in Santa's workshop — play tricks on children. Pottasleiki for instance, will steal your leftovers, while Gryla — the mother of the 13 Yule Lads — will kidnap you if you have behaved badly.  During the 13 nights leading up to Christmas, Icelandic children place their shoes by the windowsill in the hopes that one of the 13 Yule Lads will leave them small gifts or candies. Misbehaved children will instead receive rotten potatoes in their shoes. Italy — La Befana Three women dressed as La Befana. Eleonora Gianinetto/ Flickr Long before the man in the red suit was bringing toys to children on Christmas, La Befana — a good-natured witch who flies around on a broomstick — was doing the same for good children in Italy. She has been a part of Italian folklore since the 8th century. According to the story, the three wise men came upon La Befana's house on Christmas Eve when they were journeying to see baby Jesus. She gave the wise men shelter and they asked her to join them to visit the Christ child. She declined, but then later changed her mind and tried to catch up with the magi. However, she never found her way to Bethlehem, and now every night on the Eve of the Epiphany on January 5, she flies over Italy and gives toys and candy to good children, while leaving coal for the naughty ones. United States — Santa Claus Santa Claus at the end of the Macy's Thanksgiving Day parade. Andrew Burton/ Getty The tradition of Santa that Americans know and love — with a red suit, long white beard, jolly laugh, and sack full of presents — can find its origins in dark pagan traditions that mark the middle of winter, as well as Christian legends of the third century monk known as St. Nicholas. This Christmas, don't forget to leave out a plate of cookies and track Santa on his journey to your house! More: Features Christmas Christmas 2017 Santa Claus Chevron icon It indicates an expandable section or menu, or sometimes previous / next navigation options.

Download Torrent Santa world war. Download Torrent Santa world cup. 모처럼 눈이 즐겁네요 산타님. Download torrent santa world cup. SANTA CLAUS VILLAGE & THE ARCTIC CIRCLE You can meet Santa Claus and cross the magical Arctic Circle every day at Santa Claus Village in Rovaniemi in Lapland, Finland. Rovaniemi is the Official Hometown of Santa Claus in Lapland. You can find many programme service companies, souvenir shops as well as Santas Main Post Office, and cafes and restaurants in Santa Claus Village. And of course, Santa is there too, in his chamber every day of the year. Information, guide services and Arctic Circle Crossing Certificates are available from the Arctic Circle Information Office. Santa Claus Village is situated 8 km north of Rovaniemi towards Ivalo along highway 4. You can also easily reach the Arctic Circle by local bus number 8 and by the bus “Santas Express”.

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London Father Christmas and Mrs. Claus wave to the crowds during Harrods Annual Christmas Parade in London. Kanagawa, Japan Santa Claus has no boundaries when it comes to spreading holiday cheer. He swims with a dolphin at Yokohama Hakkeijima Sea Paradise in Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan. Washington, DC Santa Claus must be equipped to travel through all types of weather. In this case, St. Nicholas dons water skis to glide across the Potomac River at the National Harbor. Through the magic of modern technology, its amazing how someone with a camera always happens to snap a photo of Santas daring waterskiing adventure on Christmas Eve each year. Stavropol, Russia Father Frost, aka Santa Claus, and his granddaughter Snegurochka the Snowmaid (center) visit a city park to meet and entertain residents in Stavropol, a city in southern Russia. Russians traditionally celebrate the coming of the New Year on December 31 and Orthodox Christmas in January. Krasnoyarsk, Russia A child and Father Frost pet an Evenki reindeer at the Christmas Food Fair in Krasnoyarsk, Russia. Peasants, farmers, fishermen and hunters sell their crafts, goods and products at the citys annual fair. Honolulu, Hawaii In Honolulu, HI, Santa Claus throws up the customary "shaka" sign from his canoe while sharing a wave with a surfer near Waikiki Beach. New York City Dozens of Santas ring their bells while marching through Midtown Manhattan during the Volunteers of America's Annual Sidewalk Santa Parade. Fifty fully-suited Santas take to the streets of Manhattan the morning after Thanksgiving to raise money for those in need. Cook, Australia Santa Claus poses in front of the Great Southern Railways Indian Pacific, in Cook, Australia. The train makes a 2, 704-mile trip between Sydney and Perth twice a week. crossing the world's longest stretch of straight railway track on the Nullarbor Plain. Valparaiso, Chile Santa waves to people from a boat along the coast of Valparaiso, about 75 miles northwest of Santiago, Chile. Every year, fishermen in Valparaiso organize a Santa Claus boat trip to bring Christmas gifts and well wishes to people waiting on the shore. Seoul, South Korea In Seoul, South Korea, postmen dress up as Santa Claus and ride motorcycles to deliver the mail. Christmas has become increasingly popular over the years in South Korea, which is the only East Asian country to recognize Christmas as a national holiday. Yenisei River, Russia Along Russias Yenisei River, Santa can be spotted traveling on self-made water skis made of plastic foam. The sticks are designed to propel ole St. Nick forward. Manila, Philippines Santa. also a professional diver. gestures at a visitor inside a giant aquarium as part of a Christmas celebration at the Manila Ocean Park. The Philippines, a mainly Roman Catholic country in Southeast Asia, prepares for Christmas early. In fact, shopping malls begin playing Christmas carols in September, while the decorations, including lanterns and fireworks, go up in early December. Venice, Italy Santa Claus distributes candy from a special Christmas gondola in the canal city of Venice, Italy. Klampenborg, Denmark More than 150 people donning Santa suits converge on Bakken amusement park in Sweden to attend the World Santa Claus Congress. Bakken, the worlds oldest operating amusement park is located near Klampenborg, Denmark. Gallivare, Sweden Santas from Sweden (right) and Spain (left) race on their sleighs during a competition in the Santa Claus Winter Games in Gallivare, a town in northern Sweden. Santas from all over the world compete in typical Santa sports, including chimney climbing, porridge eating, kick sledding and reindeer racing.

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